STUDIES ON THE PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE HALOPHYTIC SPECIES CRAMBE MARITIMA L. AND THE POSSIBILITY OF ITS INTRODUCTION INTO CULTURE IN THE SOUTHERN AREA OF ROMANIA’S OLTENIA REGION
Crambe maritima L. is a perennial plant from the Brasicaceae family that grows spontaneously in Romania on the beaches of the Black Sea. Its tolerance to salt also makes it tolerant to soil drought. Therefore, it was considered that the sandy and dry soil in the southern part of the Oltenia region could be favorable for the cultivation of this plant, known in the world for its food value. Studies show that the plant develops high values of osmotic pressure and suction force on dry and salty soil and thus manages to absorb optimal amounts of water. Wax impregnation of the leaves reduces water losses and is thus another adaptive advantage. In conditions of moderate salinity or drought, the photosynthesis values are maintained at fairly high values and the net assimilation intensity also has values that ensure a moderate productivity.