IDENTIFYING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC NEEDS OF THE AGRICULTURAL POPULATION IN TIMIS COUNTY, ROMANIA

Authors

  • Gabriela Popescu Banat`s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Agricultural Management, Timisoara

Abstract

The statistical data collected in the European Union have revealed a distinctive
socio-economic profile of the Romanian rural environment compared to the Western
European states and even the new Member States of Central and Eastern Europe.
Romania has a high percentage of rural population (almost 45% of the total population,
representing 9.65 million people – National Institute of Statistics - NIS, Statistical Yearbook
2009) and low socio-economic indicators in rural areas. Studies on life quality conducted in
the past years have revealed critical levels of income, consumption, habitation or access
to public services and utilities in rural.
Given the social changes that have occurred in the Romanian society in the past
two decades, the rural environment is undergoing a tortuous stage of reorganisation
initiated by a series of socio-economic processes: restoration of land, economic
reorganisation, urban-rural migration, external migration, rapid development of localities
near larger towns or depopulation of isolated areas.
Under the circumstances, the image of the current village at the macro level is very
different from the reality of 20 years ago.

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Published

2014-09-02

Issue

Section

Working Group 4: Management, agriculture mechanization and cadastre