STUDY REGARDING THE BEHAVIOR OF WINTER WHEAT CROP CULTIVATED IN THE TURCENI AND ROVINARI AREA FROM GORJ COUNTY
AbstractThe study aims to determine the pollution effect to the growth and development
stages of the cultivated winter wheat by farmers in studied area.
The agricultural lands from middle area of Jiu river â€“ in the vicinity of two important
Thermo Power Stations Turceni and Rovinari has a heterogeneity of the soils, especially of their natural fertility. This parameter is hard influenced by the entropic actions which conduct to registered different micro zones in the crops field.
Researches regarding the soil quality changes were made in major area of
Romania: in Moldavia, Banat and Oltenia and those are concluded that as a results of mining operations and coal combustion the vegetation and soil quality has suffer important changes due the toxicity of the resulted products: ashes, heavy metals, radionuclide, etc (Oprea et al., 2008).
As general aspect, in the studied area is practiced a subsistence agriculture,
characterized by small cultivated parcels with area of 0.5 â€“ 0.7 ha which belong to the small farmers. The most cultivated species belongs to the cereal group: winter wheat, oat, rye, triticale, barley and maize. The registered yields at winter wheat crops varied in large way due the many factors, but the most important proved to be the natural fertility of soil.
Working Group 3: Fundamentally Disciplines and Environment and Plant Management