TRITICALE, ALTERNATIVE PLANT TO WHEAT CROPS ON SANDY SOILS IN ROMANIA

Authors

  • IULIAN DRAGHICI
  • RETA DRAGHICI
  • MIHAELA CROITORU

Abstract

The recent climate changes have determined agricultural drought in the sandy soils with negative implications on plant growth and development. In this context during 2009-2011 were experienced in RDCFCSS Dabuleni every 12 genotypes of wheat and triticale in purpose recommendation a straw cereals in crop rotations on sandy soils. The results obtained show that triticale manifest better tolerance to drought, recording higher values of bound water with 0.64% and 0.55% of cellular juice concentration compared to wheat.
Mean standard deviation, obtained production in wheat varieties (σ = 371 kg / ha) and triticale (σ = 130 kg / ha) emphasizes best stability in the behavior of triticale varieties.
Compared with wheat, triticale has registered an increase in production of 1033.9 kg / ha and a profit rate of between 25.03 to 52.59% ,(profit rate of wheat genotypes was between -9.72% and 19.5%).

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Published

2012-01-23

Issue

Section

Working Group 3: Fundamentally Disciplines and Environment and Plant Management