THE EXPECTED IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON GRAPE FLAVOR COMPONENTS â€“ A REVIEWâ€“
Today, the vast majority of the scientific community admits the reality of climate change. Climate change in the Mediterranean region is associated with increased temperature and atmospheric dioxide and drought. Viticulture is one agricultural sector that has a very close association with climate because the production of fine wine is strongly related with the concept of â€˜terroir`. The general composition, aroma and phenolic compounds that make up the flavor will be affected by this change. These important factors which strongly affects sensory characteristics of grapes and wines are playing a fundamental role in consumer preferences. The shift in climate and the resulting changes to weather patterns and carbon dioxide levels may cause shifts to grape chemistry and the resulting quality of wine. This study provide some examples of effects of climate change and growing conditions on grape and consequently wine quality characterstics expressed as flavors.