IMPLICATIONS OF MODERN BIOTECHNOLOGY IN THE FOOD SECURITY AND FOOD SAFETY

Authors

  • Elena Bonciu University of Craiova, Faculty of Agronomy, Department of Agricultural and Forestry Technology
  • Ioan Sarac Banat’s University of Agricultural Science and Veterinary Medicine „Regele Mihai I al României”Timisoara, Faculty of Horticulture and Forestry, Genetic Engineering Department

Abstract

Unlike the old techniques of improvement, the modern biotechnology is much more precise and it acts quickly to improve the characteristics of the agricultural plants as raw material used for food products or to improve the food processing itself.
The agricultural biotechnologies contribute to ensure to food security and food safety through improve food quality and safety for the consumers, increasing of the variety of food available for human consumption, increasing of the production efficiency, processing and distribution of food; etc.
Due to the advanced scientific knowledge and due to control very carefully, the plants and food products obtained by the modern biotechnology may be even more secure than those produced by conventional breeding techniques.This is possibly because the characteristics that are transferred through the use of modern biotechnologies are predictable and the researchers in this field can better understand the changes that are induced, so they are better able to evaluate the safety of food.
In 2015, the countries that had the largest areas cultivated with biotech crops were USA, Brazil, Argentina, India, Canada and China and the main Biotech crops cultivated globally weresoybean, cotton, maize and canola. Biotechnology looks extremely promising in terms of increasing the amount of food available worldwide and improving the quality of such foods. The future must belong to the agricultural biotechnology,since it represents one of the most viable means by which to ensure the food security for a global population steadily increasing.

Published

2017-01-18

Issue

Section

Working Group 1: Plant Cultivation and Animal Growing Technologies