EMBRYONIC SHIFTING DUNES ON THE ROMANIAN BLACK SEA COAST
AbstractEmbryonic shifting dunes are a type of habitat of Community interest specified in the Habitat Directive with the Corine code 16.211 and with the Nature 2000 code 2110. This habitat consists of mobile sand dunes, partially fixed by psammophilous vegetation. The habitat 2110 is present mainly on the northern Black Sea coast, on the sandy beaches of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve.On the southern coast of Romania, this habitat type has been mostly destroyed through the building and extension of some touristic resorts and it remained only in small scattered fragments between resorts. The sand dunesare well preserved on the southern coast of the Black Sea only in the natural reserve Marine Sand Dunes of Agigea.Conservation status of the habitat 2110 is generally favorable on the northern coast of Romania, excepting the beaches of Sulina, Chituc sandbank andPortiţa where it is threatened by grazing, arrangement works of the beaches, extension of some touristic facilities or by invasive plants. On the southern coast of Romania, the embryonic shifting dunes have an unfavorable conservation status, this segment of Romanian littoral being serious affected by tourism and economic activities, in area of the harbours, inresorts and coastal localities. A summary description of the plant communities specific to the habitat 2110 and also other information about the conservation status, vulnerabilities and evolution trend of the habitat 2110 are given in the paper.
Working Group 2: Soil Sciences