FRUIT QUALITY IN FUNCTION OF THE GRAFT/ROOTSTOCK BIOSYSTEM WITH SOME PLUM TREE VARIETIES

Authors

  • Andi Ciobanu University of Craiova, Faculty of Agronomy

Abstract

The paper emphasizes the fruit quality with different plum tree varieties in function of the graft/rootstock biosystem in an orchard located eastward of Craiova town.
The researches have been carried out in 2006-2008 period and there were studied 7 plum tree varieties (IALOMIŢA, FLORA, VÂLCEAN, TULEU GRAS, DÂMBOVIŢA, VALOR and STANLEY) which were grafted on 4 rootstocks (Oteşani 8, Pixy, Miroval and Roşior văratic).

 The main researched aspects on fruit have been: the size and the mass of the fruit, the mass of the kernel, the pulp and kernel ratio, the number of fruits and kernels per kg as well as the content of soluble dry matter and sugar of the fruits.

After the study, the Vâlcean variety recorded the fruits with the biggest size (49.34 mm) and mass (71.58 g), for one kg of fruits there was needed 14 units. Another conclusion is that Stanley variety has recorded the highest percent of soluble dry matter (23.10%).

Downloads

Published

2015-12-21

Issue

Section

Working Group 1: Plant Cultivation and Animal Growing Technologies