POSSIBILITIES TO VALORIZE ARTICHOKE UNDER THE CULTIVATION CONDITIONS IN ROMANIA
AbstractGenerally, in Romania, farmers focused on an agriculture based on large field crops, cereal crops, being less inclined to grow aromatic and medicinal crops that have a newer history in our country. But there are plants that have made history in other countries and that for a while are starting to be valorized in our country in a therapeutic or prophylactic purpose. One of these plants is artichoke (Cynara scolymus), which due to its many uses has become increasingly valuable. In our country is known and used especially in the pharmaceutical and food supplements industry, but food industry and that of cosmetics are making progress in using this wonder plant, with many therapeutic, digestive, hepatic-protective properties. Newly, the problem was posed for its use as an energy plant, by obtaining oil from the seeds. This paper proposes to highlight the possibilities to valorize the artichoke crop in Romania`s conditions, as a source of bioactive raw material for drug products, food supplements, cosmetics and ornaments. The results of experiments can be used by Romanian farmers to draw up plans to valorize all their land, even smaller surfaces.
Working Group 4: Management, agriculture mechanization and cadastre