INTEGRATED DISEASE MANAGEMENT OF FUSARIUM HEAD BLIGHT, A SUSTAINABLE OPTION FOR WHEAT GROWERS WORLDWIDE

Authors

  • Mirela Paraschivu Romanian Movement for Quality
  • Otilia Cotuna University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Banat Timisoara
  • Marius Paraschivu University of Craiova, Faculty of Agriculture and Horticulture

Abstract

Fusarium Head Blight (FHB) is a devastating disease of wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) worldwide, mainly caused by Fusariumgraminearum-telemorphGibberellazeae – leading to important yield losses, reduced seed quality and accumulation of mycotoxins such as Deoxynivalenol (DON) and Nivalenol (NIV) which are injurious to both human and animal health. Management of FHB and the associated mycotoxins have not been achieved by any single control measure. An integrated approach which includes resistant varieties, chemical and biological control and cultural control measures is critical to obtain the most efficient FHB management. The use of resistant varieties is very much welcomed by resource-poor farmers because it does not require additional cost and is environment-friendly.

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Published

2014-12-02