CURRENT STATE CONCERNING THE CONSTRUCTION OF ORGANIC COMPOST EQUIPMENT. A REVIEW
Globally, in recent years, attempts have been made to move towards organic farming by eliminating the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. To increase soil fertility, more and more natural, biodegradable fertilizers are used. Composting is a naturally controlled process, in which beneficial microorganisms, bacteria, and fungi, turn waste into a finite, fertilizer and soil hardener, which can be considered the enemy of soil pathogens. By decomposing and stabilizing organic substances during fermentation under the action of microorganisms, by biological degradation, the organic material is transformed into a humus-like material. The main purpose of waste composting technologies is to reduce the amount of biodegradable waste, to store it in environmentally friendly conditions and, finally, to reintroduce the finished product, which is compost, into the economic circuit.
This paper aims to present the current state concerning the construction of organic compost equipment, but also the advantages and disadvantages of each equipment /machinery.Â