AGROBIOLOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME GRAPEVINE VARIETIES AND CLONES GROWN IN SERBIA
In Serbia under the vineyards is about 22 149 hectares from that area 17482 hectares is under vine and 4667 hectares under table varieties. The most common wine varieties are Cabernet sauvignon (8.49%), Merlo (8.14%), Limberger (4.65%), Pinot noir (3.2%), Prokupac (3.33%), Italian riesling (13.94%), Riesling rhine (8.01%), Chardonnay (6.76%) and Sauvignon blanc (4.59%). Among table varieties Muscat hamburg with 52.83% is the most common, followed by Victoria (7.94%), Moldova (7%), Cardinal (5.92%) and others. Over the past twenty years grapevine assortment has been significantly expanded through: introduction of other varieties and clones (mainly from France and Italy), with creation of new varieties at Faculty of Agriculture University of Belgrade and with clonal selection of Serbian origin varieties. Through big number of breeding programs, 23 table and 9 wine grape varieties were created, while 12 new clones of autochthonous Prokupac variety were recognized by the Genetic Resources Department of the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and water Management.
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