THE EFFECT OF RADIONUCLIDES AND HEAVY METALS ON THE ULTRASTRUCTURAL FEATURES OF LEAVES IN HELIANTHUS ANNUUS

MIHAELA CORNEANU, GABRIEL C CORNEANU, CONSTANTIN CRACIUN, SEPTIMIU TRIPON, LUMINITA COJOCARU, ANCA ROVENTA LACATUSU

Abstract


The ultrastructural features of the leaf in mature plants of Helianthus annuus (during flowering), cultivated in three different areas: in normal culture (Floresti village, Cluj district) and in cultures on sites polluted with heavy metals and radionuclides: (a) near the power station Turceni and (b) on sterile waste dump in the Pedological Research Station of Rovinari (Gorj district), were analyzed. The soil analysis in the three sites showed a higher content in radionuclides and heavy metals, especially on the soil from Turceni, as compared to Control. The ultrastructural analysis pointed out the effect of the presence of high amounts of radionuclides and heavy metals, as well as the plant reaction: the parietal disposition of the heterochromatin in the nucleus in the shape of bodyguard, synthesis and accumulation of some substances (probably with antioxidant or chelating role) in vacuoles, which interacted with exogenous particles, a/o


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