AGROBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME NEW ALMOND TREES VARIETIES IN THE SOUTHERN AREA OF THE COUNTRY

MIHAI CICHI

Abstract


Although widely spread and appreciated in many countries for its many uses, this species is unknown to the population of the country. Due to its specific characteristics, it is necessary to cultivate a suitable variety of almond varieties but at the same time to apply modern agrotechnics according to their biological particularities.

A large vigour of almond trees varieties showed the varieties Pomorie, Primorski and Retsou, the rest of the varieties falling into the lower varieties category. The almond varieties behave practically autosterile, with entomophilous pollination, which makes it necessary to provide pollinators. All almond varieties showed a domination of the short fruit formation with different values.

Varieties that recorded higher production values were Pomorie, Primorski and Retsou.

From these main analyzed elements it results that in the southern part of the country, fruits with a special commercial aspect and chemical components specific to the superior valorification, both fresh and industrialized, are obtained.


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