THE BEHAVIOR OF WILLOW COMMERCIAL CLONES IN THE FIRST GROWING SEASON. A CASE STUDY FOR THREE DIFFERENT SITES FROM BANAT AREA

C. HERNEA, M. CORNEANU, I. SARAC, I. PETRESCU

Abstract


Willow short rotation coppice is an option for raising demand for bioenergy. But willows are also important for phytoremediation or salicylic acid content. In order to develop willow SRC in Romania, three experimental plots with fourteen clones (seven Swedish clone and seven Romanian ones) have been established in Banat area: ash pond Timisoara, saline soil and control (Ghilad, Timis county). Results were very different in terms of biometrical observation. The Swedish clones (Inger, Jr, Olof, Tora, Tordis, Torhild, Sven) performed very well in control plot, the Romanian clone RO892, RO1077, RO1082 performed very well in Ghilad area (saline soil and control) and also showed good survival rate in ash pond. The other Romanian clone, Cozia, Fragisal, Pesred and Robisal did not show good results in any experimental plots.

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