THE EVALUATION OF TOXOPLASMA GONDII INFECTION IN CATS AT TIRANACITY


Abstract


Toxoplasma gondii is a widespread zoonotic protozoar that infects humans and animals. As the definitive hosts for this parasite, felines are the only animals that pass oocysts in their feces.Toxoplasma gondii, is one of the most common parasitic infections of man and other warm-blooded animals. It has been found world-wide and nearly one-third of humanity has been exposed to this parasite. In most adults it does not cause serious illness, but it can cause blindness and mental retardation in congenitally infected children and devastating disease in immunocompromised individuals. Tirana is a city still in expansion and changes that have occurred in recent decades have brought many variations that affect the distribution and epidemiology of parasites (pathogens). The number of domestic cat (Felis catus) is quite present in Tirana (nearly 6000) and a great number of them live in free increasing the possibility of contamination. Toxoplasmosis resulted positive in 1.8% of cats examined, in a study involving 442 owned cats. Parasitic loads were variable, but with higher values and a danger for the infestation potential capacities of the environment, food and water. The large number of oocysts per gram of faeces in positive samples clearly pointed out the risk that infestion to the health of human and animal. Occasional screening and monitoring of the feline population and theeir treatment is the main way of knowing the epidemiological situation and the risk minimization by toxoplazmoza. While monitoring of contact with cats and preserving environmental quality, food and water is the main way to avoid infestation of intermediate host (including man) from it.

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