THE PRICE OF SOME DAIRY PRODUCTS IN ROMANIA (2014-2018)

PÂNZARU R.L, MEDELETE D.M

Abstract


In the recovery circuit, the milk of cow, sheep, goat and buffalo is taken over. The largest share belongs to cow's and sheep's milk. The food functions of milk are complex being one of the most complete foods. For this reason, milk is considered a strategic product of the agri-food market, which is used as such in its fresh state or is processed. At present, food technologies use milk in the following forms: as such, in the fresh state, a situation in which the conditioning of fresh milk for consumption takes place or is transformed into concentrated milk and powdered milk; by processing in the form of dietary dairy products and cheeses, by selective extraction of the resulting components cream, butter, skim milk and others; in combination with other materials, food, ice cream, etc. are prepared. Positioning of processed products in relation to raw material prices (fresh cheese and Telemea cheese from cow's milk compared to cow's milk; Telemea cheese compared to sheep's milk). Compared to the reference levels, the processed products achieved: advances from 7.03 to 8.28 times for fresh cow's milk cheese, with an average advance of 7.32 times; exceeding 9.84 times in the case of matured cow's milk cheese - the average of the period, with limits of 9.45 and 11.16 times in the case of 2017 and 2018, respectively; advances from 5.18 to 7.06 times (2016 and 2014, respectively) for sheep's cheese matured (5.57 times the excess recorded for the average of the period).

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