STRUCTURE AND EVOLUTION OF THE AVAILABILITY AND CONSUMPTION OF BEANS AT NATIONAL LEVEL, IN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT (2011-2013)

Medelete D.M. D.M., Pânzaru R.L.

Abstract


Beans, being rich in protein (23-25%) and carbohydrates (48-55%) is used in the form of grains or as a vegetable in the form of pods. The berries have a high content of digestible proteins and a high nutritional value, being used in a wide range of dishes. For a long time, it was called "meat of poor people" due to the high content of grains in very good quality proteins, rich in essential amino acids important for the human body (lysine, arginine, tryptophan, etc.). In the diet are used not only the ripe grains, but also the green pods, which also have a high nutritional value, being rich in proteins, sugars, vitamins, etc. Some peoples, such as the Japanese and Chinese, use in their diet not only green beans and pods, but also young shoots, which are eaten as a salad. From the point of view of the components of the balance sheet, its equitable nature is noteworthy. Imports predominate (57.77%), followed closely by production (43.72%). It can be concluded that the trade balance is clearly unfavorable.

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