THE IMPACT OF LOGGING WORKS ON THE MAIN COMPONENTS OF FOREST ECOSYSTEMS - SHORT REVIEW
By their nature, logging works generate various negative effects on the forest ecosystem, through the damages brought to its components. The objective of this paper is to establish, on the basis of an extensive bibliographic study, the specific damages to the components of the forest ecosystem and to study the tolerability thresholds of the main components of the forest ecosystem, with the implementation of logging works. Thus, the main research methods used, were bibliographic research and analysis and synthesis. According to the current state of knowledge in the field, damages to forestry are represented by changes in the natural state of soil, seedlings and trees, produced through anthropogenic interventions in forest care and regeneration, that can adversely affect the further development of forest ecosystems. The paper summarizes the main national and international classifications, on the damage caused to the main components of the forest ecosystem by logging. At the same time, the main researches in the field are mentioned, identified in the specialized bibliography and presented in the paper in chronological order. All the mentioned aspects regarding the damages of the forest ecosystem components are presented for trees, seedling and soil. The conclusions bring together the most relevant aspects of research on damage caused by logging works.
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