INFLUENCE OF CONTAINER VOLUME ON THE PLANTS QUALITY IN THE PRODUCTION OF SOME BEGONIA L. SPECIES

MANDA MANUELA, NICU CARMEN

Abstract


The plant size, growth rate and the degree of branching represent important criteria for determining the stage of commercial plant. This paper aimed to study the behaviour of plants belonging to the species Begonia masoniana and Begonia rex depending on the volume of substrate, in order to obtain plants for sale. The plant material, obtained from leaf cuttings, was planted in a mixture of peat and perlite (2:1), in pots of different sizes: 8 cm (0,32 l), 10 cm (0,4 l),  12 cm (0,7 l). The observations and determinations were focused on: the average height of the plant, the average diameter of the plant, the average length and width of the leaf, the average number of leaves. In order to obtain in a short period of time plants with rich shrubs for sale, it is recommended in the case of the Begonia masoniana species to use pots with a diameter of 8 cm, respectively a small volume of substrate. The main morphological characteristics of Begonia rex ‘Inca Fire’, express the best performance of plants in the larger volume container (12 cm diameter).


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