BIOTECHNOLOGIES AND THEIR USE IN WHEAT RESEARCH IN ROMANIA

IANCU PAULA

Abstract


Biotechnology tools seemed a true challenge 50 years ago, but proved to be a huge opportunity for agriculture by the techniques of manipulating the genes of plants, animals, and microorganisms. Remarkable advances were made for the improvement of agricultural species both through traditional breeding and through techniques of molecular biology. Using these methods people manipulate a natural process to produce varieties of organisms that display desired characteristics, such as disease resistant crops or food animals, but there are few major differences between these methods of gene transfer which lie neither in goals nor processes, but rather in speed, precision, reliability and scope. In traditional breeding many crosses are necessary before the ''right'' chance recombination of genes results in offspring while biotechnological methods can insert individual genes for specific traits directly into an established genome, so by gene transfer can shorten the time required to develop new varieties.


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