THE BEHAVIOR OF SOME LOCAL WHEAT VARIETIES IN THE ECOPEDOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF THE ROMANATI PLAIN

CONSTANTINESCU EMILIA, COŞERAN (BURNEA) MIHAELA ANCA

Abstract


For two years (2018-2019), under  the condition of the cambic chernozem argillic-illuvial soil, from S.C. ETCO – MAR S.R.L Cilieni there had been grown the next varieties of wheat: GLOSA -romanian variety and RUBISKO, AVENUE, ANAPURNA-french varieties. Regarding to the production obtained, the Glosa variety has recorded the average value of 6100 kg/ ha, and the Avenue and Rubisko varieties  has obtained an average production of 8500-8800 kg/ ha. Wheat grain protein content  largely depends on : the wheat variety, cultivation tecnology (irrigated, unwaterry, fertilization) and the pedoclimatic conditions.

A high protein content is associated with a good bakery quality. Among the technological factors, the fertilization influences the wheat protein the most. It is recommended the cultivation of the wheat varieties with a high production capacity, with good resistance to the main climate risk factors in Romania, with good drop resistance and high union capacity, with high ecological plasticty, from different maturity classes, with good tolerance to major foliar diseases, with superior quality indices.

 


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