STUDIES ON THE CONVERSION FROM A CONVENTIONAL AGRICULTURE SYSTEM TO AN ECOLOGICAL AND BIODYNAMIC ONE, WITHIN THE FARM „TERRA NOSTRA ECOLAND FARMS“ BAILESTI, DOLJ - ROMANIA

BÜHLER CRISTINA, CONSTANTINESCU EMILIA

Abstract


Traditional and natural agriculture has been practiced for centuries in Romania. However, in recent years, agriculture has taken a different approach due to the fact that substance and medium sized farmers no longer have access to markets. The inception of cheap and highly subsidized industrial food is a reason for this phenomenon. On the other hand, most farmers have moved away from traditional and indigenous agriculture, gradually losing their livelihoods due to the mass emergence of high-cost pesticides, use of hybrids and other agricultural resources which are also responsible for the low level of employment in rural areas. Simultaneously, traditional and indigenous agriculture has been negatively affected as a result of monopolistic and industrial marketing, thus depriving farmers of their rights to their own seed resources for farming. For this reason, it is important to support subsistence farms and agricultural production that originates in the region and can be managed efficiently with the resources at their disposal.At the end of the conversion period, it was discovered that farms designed in this way produce healthy food, through the resulting soil fertility, increased plant vitality as well as proper and efficient animal attributes. At the same time, such farms develop a cultural landscape capable of development and regeneration in the sense of nature conservation. Thus, such a model can be successfully practiced by all farmers in the Oltenia Romania region, but also in all the country and of course in other European countries.

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